Zorawar Fort Leh
The Zorawar fort is located in Ladakh an area within the northernmost a part of India, Leh within the Union territory of Ladakh. It was constructed within the 19th century by Gen Zorawar Singh of the Dogra dynasty of Jammu. The Zorawar Fort at Leh is a reminder of the legendary Gen Zorawar Singh army exploits.
A should go-to vacation spot if you find yourself in the town. Because the title depicts this was the fort of the well-known common Zorawar Singh Kahluria of the Sikh Empire. With a delight, this fort sits on the fringe of mountain vary overlooking the Leh metropolis. He established Dogra rule in Ladakh after defeating the Ladakhi forces in 1834. It’s made up of giant mud partitions since the 19th century and now utilized by the Indian Military. Inside this fort, you may be amazed to see each temple and mosque.
Situated among the many barren hills and delightful locations, this fort offers ample alternatives for pictures. Additionally, it attracts the folks with curiosity in artifact, archaeology, historical past, tradition. They go to this lovely fort to quench their thirst for data.
Gen Zorawar Singh was the builder of quite a lot of small forts within the conquered territory of Ladakh. These forts have been strategically vital and are identified for his or her native structure. Zorawar Singh, born in A.D. 1788 at village Khallur in Bilaspur District of Himachal Pradesh was recruited by Gulab Singh in an opportunity encounter as a soldier. Gen Zorawar exploits nearly paralleled that of Gulab Singh and in 1820 he was made the Wazir of Jammu.
In July 1834, Zorawar Singh led an expedition with maybe 5000 males by snow sure Kishtwar route and over the Bhot Khot passes into the Suru valley of Ladakh area and started his conquest of Ladakh. After some preliminary success, he was pressured to remain within the Suru valley throughout winter. Having settled the query of what tribute and loyalty were as a result of Raja of Jammu from the Ladakhi Empire sooner or later, he departed in July 1835. Earlier than the half of the again journey, he needed to face a rebel in Leh. The rebel was quelled and the King deposed.
The Zorawar Fort was constructed on the sting of the capital in opposition to the potential of any additional disaffection. He restored Dogra energy in Leh and overcame an associated rebel in Purig and Drass. To be able to forestall additional hassle from the Muslim folks of Purig and Drass, he determined to overcome the neighboring Muslim State of Baltistan which he efficiently conquered by the winter of 1839-40. In 1841, he as soon as once more deliberate and tried an invasion of Tibet by Ladakh. Unable to face the winter, the Dogra military couldn’t battle nicely and was defeated. The good Basic Zorawar Singh was lastly killed close to Taklakot on 21st Dec 1841.
The Basic together with a Military of 5000 troopers annexed Ladakh by Sep 1835. Maharaja Gulab Singh of Jammu had twin targets in thoughts when he ordered the annexation of Ladakh. Firstly, entry to the profitable pashmina wool commerce and likewise to the areas in west Tibet from the place the wool got here and secondly, to win gold-bearing areas of Thok Jalung, Thok Daurakpa in Western Tibet.
The fort is known as after Gen Zorawar Singh who constructed it in April 1836 of native materials i.e. Marcella K a sort of native clay, Solar dried bricks, stone, wooden, and many others. Prolonged within the space of around 27.17 acres of land, the fort has a pure spring together with one temple and one mosque constructed by the Basic himself. The fort is surrounded by a moat with various depths of three to five m. The doorway to the fort is thru a contemporary picket bridge. The mud-brick enormous bastion on left of the doorway gate results in the nicely demarcated secure.
The fort was made with the purpose of offering a base to maintain his troops in Ladakh. The fort was occupied by 300 troopers and 30 Artillery males.
The fort is surrounded by the app. 15 feet excessive boundary of solar-dried mud bricks wall. Contained in the fort there are various stables for the horses of warriors and sufficient barracks for the troopers retailer rooms for artillery and meal grains functions. There’s an open house within the center for the military parade floor. Besides, there’s a small temple for Mata Kali Devi and Durga and a Mosque. The small fortress can also be surrounded by a dry moat. The dry moat is often crammed with water throughout battle time for the aim of breaking the assault from reverse sides. The distinctive clay utilized to plaster the partitions of Ladakhi constructing has been now changed by cement plaster.
The small fortress is among the distinctive constructions and heritage websites within the Ladakh area. It wants correct care and upkeep. The fort is now below the occupations of the Military. No, keep away from addition and alterations ought to be made inside the heritage web site to save lots of the cultural heritage and its pure atmosphere, unique in design. The pure atmosphere is safeguarded from pointless encroachment, addition & alterations.
The Archaeological Survey of India is making an attempt to take over the fort and to declare the Zorawar Fort as one of many nationwide monuments below the provisions of the Archaeological Sites and Stays Act 1958 and mandatory procedures are being processed with the upper ranges within the Ministry of Tradition and the Tourism for consideration. The military authorities have additionally established two galleries as the non-public museum of Gen Zorawar Singh by which attire, mementos, and many others have been superbly and elegantly displayed with signage, date and many others. The museum actually offers the reflection of the Zorawar Singh exploits.